HAIR RESEARCH

LOUIS 14TH did everything lavishly and the hair was the same his own hair was actually wigs big curled with ringlets and the women of the day followed suit. women wore there hair in a style called the POUF.

The wear of wigs in men started to be very popular at the end of the 17th century, while the reign in France of Louis XIV, the Sun King. All his court began to use wigs, and as France was the pattern of the fashion for all Europe at that age, the use of wigs was spread to the rest of the courts of the continent. In 1680 Luis XIV had 40 wigmakers designing his wigs at the court of Versailles.

From 1770, wigs were also extended to women. And, as the years were going on, women wigs were being made taller and more sophisticated, especially in France. Men’s wigs were generally white, and women’s wigs of pastel colors, like pink, light violet or blue. Depending on how wigs were ornamented, they could reveal a person’s profession or social status. Wealthier people could cost expensive wig designers and better materials. They were made in general with human hair, but also with hair from horses or goats. The countess of Matignon, in France, paid to the famous hairdresser Baulard 24.000 livres a year to make her new headdresses every day of the week.

Near 1715, wigs started to be powdered. Families had special rooms for “toilette”, where they arranged and powdered their artificial hair. Wigs were powdered with starch or Cyprus powder. To powder wigs, people used special dressing gowns, and covered their faces with a cone of thick paper.

About the women’s hairstyle, at the beginning of the century still was in fashion a particular style since the former century: the “Fontange” hairstyle. It was nicknamed that way because it was created by the Duchess of Fontanges, who, during a hunting journey with the king Louis XIV of France, tangled up her hair in a tree branch, and to arrange the hair messed up by the accident, she piled it up on the top head. The king was fascinated with the look obtained from that accidental hairstyle, and he begged her that it will be kept for ever. This style was in fashion more or less until 1720.

Under the reign of Louis XV costumes changed and women’s hairstyles became simpler. It was in fashion a hairstyle called “tête de mouton” (sheep head), with short curls and some locks on the nape. Women didn’t wear wigs until 1770. Since then, hairstyles became more elaborated.

tete_mouton

“tête de mouton” (sheep head), hairstyle.

george_romney john_smart juel-Jens-Jorgensen

Through my research I will incorporate ringlets in the hair. As most of the hair is covered the hair shown will be down in tight ringlets.

REFERENCES.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pouf

http://thehistoryofthehairsworld.com/hair_18th_century.html

 

 

 

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